ABC           check Airway, Breathing Circulation

ACLS         Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) Certification

ADAAG      ADA Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities   

AD/HD        Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

ADL           activities of daily living ADLs are basic activities that a person does on a daily routine. These include dressing, bathing, eating,
            and using the bathroom.  (assessing skills of daily living)

Automatic External Defibrillator:Do you need an AED? by Mayo Clinic Staff
            A special training program is helping spread the word about the importance of knowing how to use an
             automatic external defibrillator. Video by
Web MD recommends  Red Cross Project Lifesaver.

A fib
          Atrial Fibrillation

AHCD         Advance Health Care Directives and Living Wills

AIP            Acute Intermittent Porphyria a group of inherited disorders of heme biosynthesis,
           characterized by attacks of severe abdominal pain, peripheral neuropathy and mental disturbances.  
Porphyria by Mayo clinic Staff.

a.k.a.         also known as

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), sometimes called Lou Gehrig's disease, is a rapidly progressive, invariably fatal neurological disease that attacks
                  the nerve cells.


           AORTIC REGURGITATION or Aortic valve regurgitation is a condition that occurs when your heart's aortic valve doesn't close tightly

ASAP         As Soon As Possible

BANANA is an acronym for Build Absolutely Nothing Anywhere Near Anything (or Anyone).
                  The term is most often used to criticize the ongoing opposition of certain interest groups to land development.

BD              Binswanger's disease (BD), also called subcortical vascular dementia, is a type of dementia caused by widespread, microscopic areas of
                   damage to the deep layers of white matter in the brain. The damage is the result of the thickening and narrowing  (atherosclerosis) of arteries that             
                   feed the subcortical areas of the brain. Atherosclerosis (commonly known as "hardening of the arteries") is a systemic process that affects blood vessels
                   throughout the body

BFF            Best Friends Forever

          Blood Pressure    A blood pressure reading has a top number (systolic) and bottom number (diastolic). The ranges are:
                                                Normal: Less than 120 over 80 (120/80)
                                                Prehypertension: 120-139 over 80-89
                                                Stage 1 high blood pressure: 140-159 over 90-99
                                                Stage 2 high blood pressure: 160 and above over 100 and above
                               People whose blood pressure is above the normal range should consult their doctor about steps to take to lower it.

BLS           Basic Life Support (BLS) Certification    

BMP           Basic Metobolic Panel   This panel measures the blood levels of sodium, potassium, calcium, chloride, carbon dioxide, glucose,
                  blood urea nitrogen, and creatinine

B.S.         Bachelor of Science degree, typically earned at a University after completing four years of study.

BUN         Blood Urea Nitrogen  
kidney function blood test

CASL       Chartered Advisor for Senior Living is a designation earned through The American College in Bryn Mawr , PA.
           This is the premier college for insurance and financial services studies.   

Complete Blood Count

C DIFF     Clostridium difficile (klos-TRID-e-uhm dif-uh-SEEL) often called C. difficile or C. diff, is a bacterium that can cause symptoms ranging  from                
diarrhea to life-threatening inflammation of the colon. Illness from C. difficile most commonly affects older adults in hospitals or in long term care facilities and typically occurs
after use of antibiotic medications.

CERT      The Community Emergency Response Team(CERT) Program educates people about disaster preparedness for hazards that may
impact                      their area and trains them in basic disaster response skills, such as fire safety, light search and rescue, team organization, and disaster
medical                                   operations.

CEU           Continuing Education Unit is a measure used in continuing education programs, particularly those
              required in a licensed profession in order for the professional to maintain the license.             
               CEUs are offered as an add-on to training courses completed through the
American Red Cross.

CFP             Certified Financial Planner is a designation earned through the College of Financial Planning.         

 Certified Fund Raising Executive

CFS              Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

CHAOS        Can't Have Anyone Over Syndrome

CHF              Congestive heart failure (CHF),or heart failure, is a condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood to  the body's organs.

CIDP              Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is a neurological disorder characterized
                 by progressive weakness and Impaired sensory function in the legs and arms.

CIS               Compromised Immune System

Crisis Intervention Team programs are local initiatives designed to improve the way law enforcement and the community        
              respond to people experiencing mental health crises. They are built on strong partnerships between law enforcement,
              mental health provider agencies and individuals and families affected by mental illness.

CLU           Chartered Life Underwriter is a designation earned through the American College in Bryn Mawr, PA
This is the premier college for insurance and financial services studies.            

Comparable Market Analysis  used in Real Estate property value assessment
                     Current Market Analysis on the Property including Estimated Value from US SEARCH

CNA            Certified Nursing Assistant

COBRA         Continuation of Health Coverage

CO OP         Consumer Operated and Oriented Plans

         Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

CPR            Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a first-aid technique used to keep victims of cardiopulmonary arrest alive and to prevent brain damage while
                   more advanced medical help is on the way. CPR has two goals: keep blood flowing throughout the body keep air flowing in and out of the lungs.


CSF               Cerebral Spinal Fluid  

 Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialist

CVA               CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT  a.k.a. STROKE    Stroke Pictures Slideshow: A Visual Guide to Understanding Stroke


d.b.a.                "doing business as" using a registered fictitious name


DLA              Daily Living Activities   Daily Living Aids   

Durable Medical Equipment

DNR             Do Not Recessitate is a request not to have cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR) if your heart stops or if you stop breathing.
'Do not resuscitate' vs. 'allow natural death' an article By Jennifer Booth Reed, USA TODAY

DPOA            durable Power of Attorney

DRT              Digital Retinal Imaging

DSM-IV         Diagnosis and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders is the standard classification of mental disorders used by mental health
                      professionals in the United States      
DSM-5 in May 2013

DSS            Missouri Dept. of Social Services

DVT            Deep Vein Thrombosis occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep vein, usually in the lower limbs.

EOB           Explanation of Benefits. Insurance notice with itemized charges for services, which services or charges
            are not covered, and deductibles. Read Carefully. Errors occur in the medical code, or procedures
            were not administered. Typically, with Medicare, you will receive  two EOBs for each service.
             One from Medicare Part A,B or D and the other from a supplemental private insurance provider
              which patient pays separately to cover 20 % Medicare co-pay.


 Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) uses a dye to highlight the bile ducts in you pancreas.              
                During ERCP, an endoscope is passed down your throat, through your stomach and into the upper part of your small intestine.

ESL            English as a Second Language

Fasting Blood Sugar

FOA          Funding Opportunity Announcement

FSBO        For Sale by Owner: typically used referring to home-sellers.



FYI                 For Your Information

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)



Get Out of My Emergency Room.  Medical slang. Typically an old demented noncommunicative patient
An old person that takes up room in the hospital and doesn't have the common decency to die. Definition taken from an episode of Scrubs.

GRI                 Graduate of Realtors Institute National Association of Realtors earned designation        

HAS                Holmes-Aide Syndrome (HAS)   Holmes-Adie syndrome (HAS) is a neurological disorder affecting the pupil of the eye and the
                    autonomic nervous system. It is characterized by one eye with a pupil that is larger than normal and constricts slowly in bright light               
(tonic pupil), along with the absence of deep tendon reflexes, usually in the Achilles  More Information found by Ashely.

HCD             Health Care Directive    The Go Wish game helps  focus in a positive way on values and wishes about end-of-life care.

HDHP          high deductible health plan

HDL d          
High-density lipoprotein "good" CHOLESTEROL

HELOC        Home Equity Line Of Credit






 Internal Revenue Service. Have a Tax problem?  Need Help?           

Karposi's Sarcoma

LDLC         Low-density lipoprotein  "bad" CHOLESTEROL

LOL            Laugh Out Loud

Licensed Professional Counselor

LPN            Licensed Practical Nurse or licensed vocational nurses (LVNs), care for the sick, injured, convalescent,
                     and disabled under the direction of physicians and registered nurses.
                      Training lasting about 1 year is available in about 1,200 State-approved programs mostly in vocational  or technical schools.

LSW           Licensed Social Worker

M.Ed.          Masters of Education degree, earned by some Licensed Professional Counselors.

Main Floor Laundry. Highly recommend caregiver install one, if you do not have one.

Myocardial Infarction a.k.a. heart attack
            Myocardial ischemia occurs when blood flow to your heart muscle is decreased by a partial or complete blockage of your heart's arteries
               (coronary arteries). The decrease in blood flow reduces your heart's oxygen supply.


Mortgage Insurance Premium

MO             modus operandi:  manner of working

MPT           Masters of Physical Therapy

MRI            magnetic resonance imaging


MSRP               Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price

MSW                Masters of Social Work

nerve conduction study


Nurse Practitioner Nurse practitioners are one of four types of advanced practice nurses that provide care to patients. The advance practice nurse is a
                          registered nurse who has a master's degree (MSN). Missouri NPs may practice independently and may specialize in areas including
                           family or women's health, medical, surgical, pediatric, gerontological, school, adult, neonatal, and more.


Night Terrors

OCD                 Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

OI                      Opportunistic Infections  are mild to severe infectious diseases in a compromised host. The
                         infections are caused by microorganisms that normally do not cause serious disease in healthy people.

OS                    Operating System for your computer.

OTC                  Over-the-Counter-medications and supplements

Occupational Therapy

PA                    Physician's Assistant

PALS               Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) Certification

pdf                    printable document format. computer  term for fliers and forms available as a document for print out.

PE                    Pulmonary Embolism



Ph.D.                Doctorate of Philosophy, earned by some Licensed Professional Counselors.

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs.

PITI                  Principle, Interest, Taxes, Insurance, reference:mortage

Private Mortgage Insurance

PK                    Preacher's Kid

Partnership for Prescription Assistance

PPACA             The Patient Protection a n d Affordable Care Act  pdf                                                                                            

PRN                  "As the situation arises." used in treatment plan for  some medication and therapy

Physical Therapist

PTA                  Physical Therapy Assistant

PTSD                Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)



QOL                  quality-of-life (QOL)



Registered Nurse

RICE         Rest-Ice-Compress-Elevate Sprains and Strains Treatment


RT                    1.
Respiratory Therapist    2. Recreational Therapist      3. Reminiscence Therapy

RWHFY             Are we having FUN yet? Is this the FUN part?

Seasonal Affective Disorder        Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia)


SLE                  SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS an inflammatory, autoimmune disease that affects nearly every organ system in the body

SNF                  Skilled Nursing Facility  a.k.a. nursing home


SSI             S
upplemental Security Income through Social Security     

STAT         Stat, an abbreviation of the Latin statim, a medical term meaning "immediately"

Sexually Transmitted Disease

TIA           Transient Ischemic Attack

TIF            Tax Increment Financing  Local Tax Increment Financing (Local TIF) permits the use of a portion of local property and sales taxes  to   assist funding the
redevelopment of certain designated areas within your community. Areas eligible for Local TIF must contain property  classified as a "Blighted", "Conservation" or an
"Economic Development" area, or any combination thereof, as defined by Missouri Statutes.

TKO         Total Knock Out

TMI          Too Much Information

 TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDER Temporal Mandibular Joint Disorder

TPO          Thyroid peroxidase (TPO), an enzyme normally found in the thyroid gland, plays an important role in the production of   thyroid hormones.
                   A TPO test detects antibodies against TPO in the blood.

TSH                  Thyroid Stimulating Hormone

TYG                  trust your gut.
Treading water in all the "ALPHABET SOUP?"
need help interpreting letters and phrases bantered about as a second language?
Here are some answers to "the Code"
Have some of your own to add?
e-mail us at
LEFT click on underlined word for link to another site with more detailed information.
After you finish reading definition, and separate window did not open,
click on the "back" arrow to return to this page.
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder characterized by unpleasant sensations in the legs and an
uncontrollable urge to move them for relief.
Ventricular tachycardia is a rapid heart beat initiated within the ventricles,
characterized by 3 or more consecutive premature ventricular beats.
UTI            Urinary Tract Infection in the Elderly Patient-  Catheter-related
Registered Financial Consultant earned through the International Association of Registered Financial Consultants.
RSI-RSS           Repetitive Strain Syndrome  Repetitive Strain Injury
LMT            Licensed Massage Therapist - means licensed by the state they reside in and have completed requirements of education and training.
NCTMB             Nationally Certified Therapist of Massage and Bodywork - achievement of additional  education, training  and maintaining a higher level
                         Nationally approved CEU's  (Continuing Educational Units)
Registered nurses (RNs), record patients’ medical histories and symptoms, help to perform diagnostic tests and analyze
results, operate medical machinery, administer treatment and medications, and help with patient follow-up and rehabilitation.
A bachelor’s of science degree in nursing (BSN), take about 4 years to complete. ADN programs, take about 2 to 3 years to
complete.  Diploma programs, administered in hospitals, last about 3 years. Generally, licensed graduates of any of the three
types of educational programs qualify for entry-level positions as staff nurses.
DHHS                United States Department of Health and Human Services

DHS                  Illinois Department of Human Services      

Missouri Dept of Health and Senior Services
Check Your Symptoms
Need information as you determine what to do about your symptoms?
Get help figuring them out by answering a series of questions. To get started, click on male or female,
regardless of age, then the part of the body that is  troubling you. Use the Symptom Checker to select parts of
the body where you are experiencing symptoms
V tach
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This information is not meant to replace professional help.
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officer,physician or other medical professional.
At the end of the day, we respect you  to make your own informed decisions.
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This information is not meant to replace professional help.
We encourage you to seek professional advice from a qualified accountant, lawyer, realtor, loan
officer, physician or other medical professional.
NonSteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs -- are among the most common pain relief medicines in the addition to dulling pain NSAIDs also
lower fever and reduce swelling.  Aspirin (Bufferin, Bayer, and Excedrin), Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin),    Ketoprofen (Actron, Orudis),  Naproxen (Aleve)
An individual retirement account in which a person can set aside after-tax income up to a specified amount each year.
Earnings on the account are tax-free,tax-free withdrawals may be made after age 59 1/2 . Some banks and credit unions offer products
were small amounts can be  added like a savings account, after an initial investment is made.
One such product is a   ROTH IRA CD.
A Health Savings Account (HSA) allows individuals and/or employers
to contribute pretax dollars to pay for medical expenses including over-the-counter,   prescription, and
vision health essentials -   not covered by insurance policies.
Unlike a Flexible Spending Account (FSA), unused funds do not disappear  at year-end. HSA dollars
roll-over year-over-year, which means that account holders build up balances to pay for medical expenses.
Account holders submit expense deductions on Schedule A,Form 1040 to the IRS.
Bacterial Staph infection: It cannot be treated very easily and it is very contagious.
"against medical advice" code entered on chart if you refuse medical care, or leave a medical facility before staff
think you are ready. Remember, you have the right  leave a.m.a. Do your research. Trust your gut. Sometimes
YOU do know what is best for you and your caregivee. Consider legal and financial consequences.
The Certified Residential Specialist (CRS) is the highest designation awarded to sales associates in the residential sales field. The CRS
designation recognizes professional  accomplishments in both experience and education.  National Association of Realtors earned designation
"cover your anatomy" "COVER YOUR ASSETS" do your research.
Read the fine print when making decisions always consider legal and financial issues.
You are your own best defense. Know your rights. Don't be bullied.Be prepared.
ELECTROMYOGRAPHY    measures electrical activity of the muscles at rest and when they are used.
A Flexible Spending Account (FSA) allows consumers to deduct pre-tax dollars from their paychecks and deposit those
funds in employer-sponsored accounts to pay for medical expenses - including over-the-counter, prescription, and
vision health essentials. Consumers then submit expense receipts to healthcare administrators for reimbursement.
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) describes a clinical syndrome associated shrinking of the frontal and temporal
anterior lobes of the brain.  Originally known as Pick’s disease,
GastroEsophageal Reflux Disease   is caused by recurrent reflux of acid into  the esophagus, which commonly leads to chronic heartburn.
HEMOGLOBIN A1C  Blood test which monitors sugar metabolism over a two to three month period.
Difficult to "cheat" on THIS test!A1C test goes by many other names, including glycated hemoglobin, glycosylated hemoglobin, hemoglobin A1C and HbA1c.
Human papillomavirus is the name of a group of viruses that  includes more than  100
different strains or types.
In Case of Emergency Code: label contact people with ICE in your cell phone
for emergency personnel. ex: ICE 1:Nancy/sister  ICE 2:Jessica/daughter
Multi-infarct dementia (MID) is a common cause of memory loss in the elderly.       
MID is caused by multiple strokes (disruption of blood flow to the brain).
Very contagious bacterial infection which is difficult to treat.
Premature Ventricular Contractions (PVCs): An irregular heartbeat in which the lower chambers of the heart (the
ventricles) beat before they are supposed to.
GARBAGE IN GARBAGE OUT GIGO, this is a famous computer axiom meaning that if invalid data is entered into a system, the resulting output will
also be invalid. Although originally applied to computer software, the axiom holds true for all systems, including, for example, decision-making systems.
SPF (sun protection factor): measures the length of time a product protects against skin reddening
from UVB, compared to how long the skin takes to redden without protection.
UVA (ultraviolet-A): long- wave solar rays of 320-400 nanometers (billionths of a meter). Although less likely than UVB to
cause sunburn, UVA penetrates the skin more deeply, and is considered the chief culprit behind wrinkling, leathering, and other aspects of "photoaging." The latest
studies show that UVA not only increases UVB 's cancer-causing effects, but may directly cause some skin cancers, including melanomas.
UVB (ultraviolet-B): short-wave solar rays of 290-320 nanometers. More potent than UVA in
producing sunburn, these rays are considered the main cause of basal and squamous cell
carcinomas as well as a significant cause of melanoma.
Diethylstilbestrol (DES) is a synthetic estrogen that was developed to supplement a woman's natural estrogen production.
First prescribed by physicians in 1938 for women who experienced miscarriages or premature deliveries,
NIMBY is an acronym for Not In My Back Yard. The term is used to describe opposition to a new
project by residents, even if they themselves and those around will benefit from the construction.
MSA               Medical Savings Account   Archer MSAs An Archer MSA is a tax-exempt trust or custodial account that you set up with a U.S. financial
institution (such as a bank or an insurance company) in which you can save money exclusively for future medical expenses.  You (or your employer) can contribute up to
75% of the annual deductible of your HDHP (65% if you have a self-only plan) to your Archer MSA. You must have the HDHP all year to contribute the full amount. If you do
not qualify to contribute the full amount for the year, determine your annual deductible limit by using the worksheet for line 3 in the Instructions for Form 8853, Archer MSAs
and Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts
The Everything Soup Cookbook

The Everything Soup Cookbook

The Everything® Soup Cookbook serves up 300 delicious traditional and creative soup recipes, providing you with simple step-by-step-instruction for each. eBook available to download in 5 formats!

Editors note: One of our caregivers suggested,
" The 'SOUP' page should have at least one soup recipe..."so here is a book of soup recipes  for your ordering pleasure, comfort and joy!
It is a downloadable eBook, so you don't even need to wait for shipment!  Or if you prefer, order soup mixes on-line: Connor Creek and more.
Shop Today!
Reference eBooks

Kosher Soup MIxes
Soup for One Mixes
Soup for Two
Bear Creek Soup Mixes
Shop Today!
Download Standards from ANSI
Cuisinart Soup Maker and Blender,

Blend and cook all your soup ingredients or
create icy drinks, creamy sauces and much more.
Home Access HIV  $31.74
Are you unable to open or read a pdf ?  Adobe® Reader® XI software is the free trusted standard for reliably viewing, printing, and
annotating PDF documents. It's the only PDF file viewer that can open and interact with all types of PDF content, including forms and
click here to download.
Dr. Fuhrman’s G-BOMBS™ Soup G-BOMBS: Greens, Beans, Onions, Mushrooms, Berries, and Seeds
Moroccan Chickpea Soup, Supreme Greens Soup, VitaBean™ Soup
Dr. Fuhrman’s VegiZest and MatoZest
Soup Base and Vegetable Seasoning Mixes
Personal Care Attendant
The Art of Finding,
Keeping, or Being One
by Katie Rodriguez Banister
U.S. Geological Survey
Local Earthquake Map

National Weather Service
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